Hemorrhagic Stroke are a serious health concern requiring immediate medical attention. According to the National Stroke Association, about 795,000 people fall victim to a stroke annually, with 160,000 of those people becoming a fatality statistic. A hemorrhagic stroke is one of two types of stroke that poses a public health threat. While ischemic strokes account for the majority of strokes, a hemorrhagic stroke is more deadly, caused by a blood vessel in the brain leaking blood. The blood negatively impacts brain function and can cause death in some cases, if not treated immediately.
High blood pressure is considered a major cause of strokes. Given the increased pressure on artery walls as the result a high blood pressure condition, these walls often break. This correlation is one important reason, among others, to properly manage blood pressure under the care of a doctor’s orders.
Other causes include:
- aneurysms – which are blamed for weakening of artery walls
- cancer – in cases where it has spread to the brain
- cerebral amyloidangiopathy – which is an excess of the amyloid protein inside the brain’s artery walls that causes bleeding
Two Types of Hemorrhagic Strokes
An intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke (ICH) is the more common of the two types of hemorrhagic strokes. Symptoms often occur quickly with little or no warning that there is a health problem. ICH is defined as a stroke caused by a blood vessel rupture that bleeds directly into the brain tissue in that region. A subarachnoid hemorrhage differs from an ICH since it occurs when the blood bleeds into the adjacent area outside of the brain.
Warning symptoms may be subtle or mimic other symptoms associated with less serious health issues. Headaches represent an example of a symptom that can mean you are having a stroke or many other minor conditions. Allergies, congestion, and many non-emergency health problems can also cause headaches. When headaches are accompanied by other symptoms associated with a stroke, then it is critical to see a doctor immediately.
Below are other stroke symptoms.
- Mental Impairment
- Loss of Consciousness
- Speaking Difficulties
- Problems Understanding Others
- Balance and Coordination Impairment
- Vision Loss or Change
- Tinkling or Numb Feelings
- Inability to Swallow
The main test used to diagnose a brain hemorrhage is a CT scan. A brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan is another good follow-up tool for identifying a cause. Additional tests such as angiography, complete blood count (CBC), and cerebrospinal fluid exam (CSF) are also helpful as informational aids.
Due to the seriousness of a stroke, prevention is key. Considering the potential for permanent damage, slow recovery periods and even death, the preferred perspective to take is to avoid certain bad habits. Managing blood pressure, avoiding smoking and cocaine usage, and minimizing alcohol intake are all ways to prevent a stroke.
Recognizing the symptoms of a stroke can save your life, a friend’s life, or a family member. Since mental impairment is one of the symptoms, many stroke sufferers are incapable of recognizing the seriousness of the situation when they are having symptoms.
Minutes count when treating stroke victims. Anytime stroke symptoms are being exhibited, it is crucial to consult with a doctor immediately.